top of page
zoom logo.png

​라이브 코스

Rashi and the Peshat Interpretation of the Bible

This course has already started!


코스 정보



Academic Credit Hours

February 8 – May 10, 2023

Wednesdays, 4 – 7 PM GMT+3 (Israel Time)

​비학점 또는 석사 학위 레벨

Language: English

코스 수업료

For Personal Enrichment  – 

$249 USD

For Academic Credit  – 

$750 USD

For DTS students -

$450 USD

(please provide valid student ID#)

 *These fees do not include required textbooks

**Payment is non-refundable


골란 브로쉬 교수 (Dr. Golan Broshi)

골란 브로쉬 박사는 하이파대학교와 히브리대학교 두 군데에서 유대교육 석사학위 과정을 마친 후에 미국 달라스신학대학원(DTS)에서 박사학위를 받았다. 브로쉬 박사는 현재 이스라엘성서대학(ICB)의 교수로 재직하고 있으며 유대 신약성서 문헌과 관련된 랍비 전통을 집중적으로 연구하고 있다.

Rashi and the Peshat Interpretation of the Bible

The course is open for registration

Course Description

This course is going to focus on the works and motives of Rashi and his contemporaries. Rashi – Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki – lived in the 11th Century in France, during a time when persecution against Jewish communities was on the rise. Rashi is still considered the foremost commentator of the Tanakh (and the Talmud) among Traditional Judaism. He is known for his “Pshat” method, which attempts to give the simplest and literally meaning of the texts. Nevertheless, recent studies reveal that a vast percentage of his interpretations were apologetic in nature; meaning, his commentary was far from being the “Pshat” of Scriptures. Rather, it was a way to protect his Jewish community against the Christian interpretation, especially concerning Messianic verses and prophecies from the Old Testament.

Course Structure

The lessons will be held through a Zoom format, consisting of lectures and interactive discussions between all participants. There will be 10 three hour (with breaks) live zoom lectures. Recordings will be available* to registered students to watch multiple times during the time of the course and for six weeks after it ends. It won’t be possible to download video lectures to personal PC.

*We cannot ensure the quality of zoom recordings should technical failures occur. We also cannot guarantee that all parts will be recorded. Therefore, it is NOT possible to register for recordings only. Students need to participate in live lectures.

Course Goals

  1. To explain the religious and cultural background of Rashi’s times.

  2. To help the students become more familiar with Rabbinic interpretation of the Scriptures.

  3. To give the students a taste of Rashi’s most famous commentaries of the Tanakh.

  4. To introduce the students to the Jewish-Christian relations, through the eyes of Rashi.

Learning Outcome

  1. The students will be more sensitive to the circumstances of Rashi’s commentary.

  2. The students will learn to appreciate Rabbinic methods of interpretation in its right context.

  3. The students would learn the motives of Rashi’s commentary and will know how to respond accordingly.

  4. The students will learn to appreciate more the reasons behind the ‘parting of the ways’, concerning Jewish-Christian relations, especially through Rashi’s point of view. Thus, they will grow more sensitive towards Jewish antagonism concerning the Gospel.

Course Dates and Topics :

Feb 8

Introduction to course; the fall of Biblical Judaism and the rise of the Rabbis Church; the literary context of the 2nd Temple period; The way the Oral-Law treated the Tanakh and used it

Feb 15

The parting of the ways; Conversion, Theology and religious practice of the two churches: Messianic Judaism and Rabbinic Judaism; Jewish-“Christian” relations

Feb 22

Main three types of Rabbinic literature: Midrash, Halachah and Haggadah; the rise of Biblical commentary;

Mar 1

The Messianic-Rabbinic debate, turning into a Jewish-Christian polemics;

Mar 8

Towards the end of the Middle-Ages: The golden age of Rabbinic commentary and the introduction of the ‘Pshat’ method;

Mar 15

Dallas Spring Break, no class

Mar 22

The ‘Minim’ as Messianic Jews, in Rabbinic thought and especially in Rashi’s commentary; The destiny of Gentiles in the world to come;

Mar 29

Rashi interpretation: ‘Pshat’ or Polemics?

Apr 5

Passover Holiday, no class

Apr 12

Passover Holiday, no class

Apr 19

Rashi interpretation: reasons and objectives;

Apr 26

Israel Independence Day, no class

May 3

Rashi commentary: hidden debate with Christian interpretation;

May 10

The effect of Rashi’s legacy on Jewish thought today and the Messianic interpretation of the Hebrew Bible; summary of the course

Required Textbooks

Main Texts

  • The Bible

  • Much of this course is inspired by Avraham Grossman’s new book: Rashi and the Jewish-Christian Polemic, 2021 (still available only in Hebrew: אברהם גרוסמן רש”י והפולמוס היהודי-הנוצרי)

Must Read for students who TAKE THIS COURSE FOR ACADEMIC CREDIT (choose two books for reading assignment, one from each list):

  • Please choose a book from list A:

    1. Bonchek, Avigdor. What’s Bothering Rashi?. Philipp Feldheim, 1997.

    2. Grossman, Avraham. Rashi. The Littman Library of Jewish Civilization in association with Liverpool University Press, 2014.

    3. Kearney, J. Rashi – Linguist despite Himself. New York and London, 2010.

    4. Owen, Aron. Rashi: His Life and Times. London: Jewish Religious Educational Publications 1955.

    5. Shulman, Yaacov David. Rashi: The Story of Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki. Moscow, 1993.


  • Please choose a book from list B:

    1. Bar-Asher Siegal. Michal. Jewish-Christian Dialogues on Scripture in Late Antiquity: Heretic Narratives of the Babylonian Talmud. Cambridge University Press, 2019.

    2. Boyarin, Daniel. Border Lines: The Partition of Judaeo-Christianity. University of Philadelphia: Pennsylvania Press, 2006.

    3. Brown, Michael L. Our Hands Are Stained With Blood. Destiny Image Pub., 1992.

    4. Dunn, James D. G. (Ed.). Jews and Christians: The Parting of the Ways, A. D. 70 to 135. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1999.

    5. Maccoby, Hyam. Judaism on Trial: Jewish-Christian Disputations in the Middle Ages. The Littman Library of Jewish Civilization in association with Liverpool University Press, 1993.

    6. McCaul, Alexander. The Old Paths, or The Talmud Tested by Scripture. Andesite Press, 2017.

    7. Neusner, Jacob. Judaism and the Interpretation of Scripture: Introduction to the Rabbinic Midrash. Baker Academic, 2004.

    8. Porton, Gary G. Understanding Rabbinic Midrash. Ktav Pub. House, 1985.

    9. Rydelnik, Michael. The Messianic Hope. B&H Academic, 2010.

    10. Safrai, Zeev. The Literature of the Sages, Midrash, and Targum. Fortress Press, 2007.

    11. Synan, Edward A. The Popes and the Jews in the Middle Ages. Macmillan, 1965.

    12. Yuval, Israel Jacob. Two nations in your womb. University of California Press, Berkeley, 2008.

bottom of page